In addition, China's vigorous promotion of "new urbanization" in recent years will also contribute to the improvement of China's urbanization. Although China's urbanization has developed very rapidly in the past, it has also exposed serious social problems. A large number of migrant workers have come to work in cities, which has contributed to the development of huge cities such as Shanghai,
Beijing, and Shenzhen. However, due to the dual popular database urban-rural household registration system, they cannot settle down in cities and towns, and cannot enjoy the same rights and interests as urban residents in medical care, education for children, housing, and employment. For example, in 2012, the urbanization rate of China's permanent population was as high as 52.6%, but the urbanization rate calculated by the registered population was only 35.3%.
The gap between the two highlights that "population urbanization" has not been implemented. The treatment enjoyed by agricultural migrants in terms of political rights, public services, economic life, and cultural quality is quite different from that of urban household registration residents. The discriminatory treatment has led to serious social contradictions .